Runasimi Dialects (Quechua, Quichua)

Explanation of place names

KituQuitowild dove; indigenous people of the Kitu
TumipampaCuenca (hist.: Tomebamba)plain of stone knives
1. Qasamarka
2. Kashamarka
Cajamarca (hist.: Caxamarca)1. cold land
2. land of thorns
IkitusIquitos(name of an indigenous people)
PiwraPiuragranary (?)
Pasqu urquCerro de Pascomountain of maize rust (?)
Limaq (Rimaq)Limaspeaker (spreaking river)
Wankayu: [1. < Wankayuq]
[2. < Wanka Ayllu]
Huancayo1. who has stones
2. clan of the Wanka
1. Wamanqa
2. Ayakuchu
1. Huamanga
2. Ayacucho
1. the falcon
2. corner of the dead
QusquCusco (Cuzco)navel (center) of the world (?)
PunuPuno(< puna, cold lofty region)
Ariqipa: [1. < Ari Qhipa]
[2. < Arí, qhipa!]
Arequipa1. behind the volcano
2. Yes, stay behind!
Chukiyapu (Chukiyawu)La Paz 
Qhuchapampa (Quchapampa)Cochabambaplain of the lake
Ururu (Uru-Uru)Oruroplenty of spiders or vermin (?)
Chuqichaka (Chukisaka)Sucre (hist.: Chuquisaca)bridge of metal
TukumanTucumánto the owl (or: to the hole) (?)

Map of Peru: Proportion of Quechua Speakers on District Level 1993 (INEI)

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